The Icelandic Directorate of Immigration completes its case procedure by entering into a decision. A decision in the case of an asylum seeker is made known to him/her at a special meeting. The meeting goes through the conclusion of the case, the asylum seeker is informed of the effects of the conclusion, as well as the representative of the Directorate of Immigration answering any questions the asylum seeker and/or his/her legal spokesman/Red Cross representative may have regarding the decision and its effects.
Implementation of the decision
If asylum, additional protection or residence permit are granted on humanitarian grounds the appropriate residence permit is issued and the applicant is informed of the next steps. If the conclusion is denial of asylum, additional protection or residence permit on humanitarian grounds, the asylum seeker is denied entry into Iceland or expelled. If the conclusion of a procedure under the Dublin Regulation is that the case of an asylum seeker will not be processed in Iceland, he/she is expelled from Iceland to the state that is responsible for his/her application.
Argumentation cf. Article 21 of the Administrative Procedures Act no. 37/1993
The Directorate of Immigration generally provides detailed argumentation for its decisions. If a detailed argumentation does not accompany a decision the asylum seeker may request further written argumentation if his/her application has not been accepted in full. A request for argumentation shall be submitted within 14 days from such time the asylum seeker is notified of the decision by the Directorate of Immigration.
Appeal to the Immigration and Asylum Appeals Board
An asylum seeker who feels that the case procedure by the Directorate of Immigration has not been correct, that the institution’s assessment of his/her situation is incorrect, or he/she does not accept the Director of Immigration’s decision in other respects, may appeal the decision to the Immigration and Asylum Appeals Board. The asylum seeker is given an option of appealing the decision by the Directorate of Immigration immediately at the meeting where the decision is made known to him/her or he/she may take 15 days to consider whether to appeal.
Reopening a case; cf. Article 24 of the Administrative Procedures Act no. 37/1993
An asylum seeker who does not accept the conclusion and feels it is based on inconclusive or incorrect information about the circumstances of his/her case, or based on circumstances that have significantly changed from such time the decision was made, may request a reopening of the case.
The request for reopening must be submitted in writing and must contain explanation as to why a request is made, for example, what information the asylum seeker considers as being incorrect, inconclusive or what circumstances have changed. If an asylum seeker has new information such information must accompany the request for reopening of the case.
It should be specially emphasized that if an asylum seeker has appealed a decision by the Directorate of Immigration to the Immigration and Asylum Appeals Board, the Directorate is not authorized to take for procedure the asylum seeker’s request for reopening for as long as his/her case is being processed by the Immigration and Asylum Appeals Board. If the Directorate receives a request for a reopening of a case that is under procedure by the Board, the institution will dismiss the request.